UCC Resolutions on Palestine and Israel, and Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

UCC General Synod resolutions related to Palestine & Israel

Since 1967, the United Church of Christ has spoken through General Synod resolutions regarding issues of peace and justice in the Middle East. Long before that, mission personnel of our predecessor denominations worked successfully to create partnerships of mutuality and ministry throughout the region.

Here we provide information on various aspects of UCC witness related to the experience of children in Palestine and Israel.

These links provide information regarding the 2017 UCC resolution of witness concerning Palestinian children in Israeli military detention.

This link provides the written text of all UCC resolutions related to Palestine & Israel, from 1967 to the present day.

Frequently Asked Questions

Questions regarding the UCC 2017 resolution of Witness, “A Call for the United Church of Christ to Advocate for the Rights of Children Living Under Israeli Military Occupation” 

What actions does the Resolution call for?

  • Calls for the State of Israel to adhere to the U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child in its treatment of Palestinian children who are arrested and detained.
  • Calls for the U.S. Government to adhere to the U.S. Foreign Assistance Act by withholding military assistance to Israel due to Israel’s practices of arrest and detention of Palestinian children in violation of internationally recognized human rights laws.
  • Calls for the U.S. to join 194 other nations in ratifying the U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child.
  • Calls for all settings of the United Church of Christ to continue learning about the plight of children in Palestine and the State of Israel.

Why are these actions important now?

  • Ill-treatment of Palestinian children at the hands of Israeli military and police forces remains widespread, systematic and institutionalized (see the many reports and studies cited below and in the UCC Resolution). Moreover, the conditions of arrest and detention, sometimes amounting to torture, have become even worse in recent years (see information provided below).
  • A new U.S. administration needs to hear the voice of the U.S. faith community calling for the protection of children living under Israeli military occupation.
  • The decades-long delay in U.S. ratification of the U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child must end.
  • We have the opportunity to join other faith groups in calling for the protection of human rights in Israel and Palestine.
Other frequently asked questions

How can I learn more about Israel’s process of arrest and detention of Palestinian children?

The following videos provide more detailed information about the process of arrest and detention of Palestinian children by Israeli military forces (click on the blue links):

Not to be missed is the 21-minute documentary Detaining Dreams: Detaining Dreams

The 2014 documentary Stone Cold JusticeStone Cold Justice

A 2014 presentation by Gerard Horton, lawyer with Military Court Watch:

Timely, authoritative reports by UNICEF and Defense for Children International – Palestine (DCIP):

  • Children in Israeli Military Detention
  • Palestinian Children in the Israeli Military Detention System

See also these websites for the No Way to Treat a Childcampaign and Defense for Children International – Palestine (DCIP):

How can I learn more about the U.S. Foreign Assistance Act?

See this report by Josh Ruebner: U.S. Military Aid to Israel

The Leahy Law or “Leahy Amendment” is often cited in discussions about U.S. military assistance to Israel.  It is an amendment to the U.S. Foreign Assistance Act (and also the U.S. Arms Export Control Act) which states that no assistance will be furnished to “any unit of the security forces of a foreign country if the Secretary of State has credible information that such unit has committed a gross violation of human rights.” (Emphasis added.) The text of this amendment can be found here: U.S. Code – Limitation on assistance to security forces

Here is the specific clause of the U.S. Foreign Assistance Act pertaining to withholding of assistance for human rights violations: U.S. Code – Human rights and security assistance

Does the documentation about Israel’s detention and ill-treatment of Palestinian children include reports from Israeli organizations? 

Yes.  Among the reputable Israeli institutions which provide documentation about Israel’s system of arresting and detaining children are these organizations:

  • B’Tselem, The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories B’Tselem
  • HaMoked, Center for the Defence of the Individual HaMoked
  • Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI) ACRI
  • Breaking the Silence Breaking the Silence
  • Yesh Din – Volunteers for Human Rights Yesh Din
  • Physicians for Human Rights – Israel Physicians for Human Rights – Israel
  • The Public Committee Against Torture in Israel (PCATI) PCATI

What are the ages of the Palestinian children who are arrested and detained?

The statistics cited in the UCC 2017 resolution (and in the source materials listed in the UCC resolution) concern Palestinian children 12-17 years of age.

Additionally, human rights organizations have documented that Palestinian children younger than age 12 – even as young as 5 years of age – are also subject to arrest and detention by Israeli military forces.  Just as for children aged 12-17, these children who are less than 12 years of age also report ill-treatment while in the custody of Israeli military forces. See for example: Report on detention of 5-year-old child

In March 2013, UNICEF published a landmark report on the human rights violations of Israel’s system of military detention.  Have things gotten better since that report was published?  Has Israel demonstrated that it is working to address the many problems highlighted in this report?

In response to the 2013 UNICEF report, Israel committed to “collaborate with UNICEF to implement [the] report’s recommendations.”  (The Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs statement about this can be found here:  Official Israeli statement following UNICEF report ) Yet a follow-up report by UNICEF in February 2015 concluded that reports of alleged ill-treatment of children by Israeli forces “have not significantly decreased in 2013 and 2014.”  Likewise, a recent study by Defense For Children International – Palestine (DCIP) concluded, “2014 brought no respite for Palestinian children, whether entangled in the Israeli military detention system, living in residential areas in the Gaza Strip, or simply on their way to school.”

Reports by Human Rights Watch in July 2015 and April 2016 provide additional documentation of the physical and psychological harm which Palestinian children continue to suffer during arrest and detention.

Indeed, the situation for Palestinian children has gotten worse, not better, since UNICEF published its report in 2013.  The number of children held in military detention has more than doubled, thus exposing more children to the physical and psychological abuse of Israel’s military detention system.  The number of girls held in detention has risen.  There is now a higher proportion of “younger children” (ages 12-15) in military detention.  There has also been a substantial increase in the number of children held in administrative detention (i.e., held indefinitely without charge and without trial, in violation of international human rights law).  Here are the data: DCI-Palestine statistics on Israeli military detention

Further, in November 2015, the Israeli Knesset passed a law that authorizes longer prison sentences for children convicted of throwing stones – as much as 10-20 years depending on circumstances.

Palestinian children are now arrested and detained for such “offenses” as posting non-violent, non-threatening messages on Facebook.  And various human rights organizations have documented that children younger than 12 years of age – even as young as 5 years old – are also subject to arrest, detention and ill-treatment by Israeli military forces.

Tellingly, in May 2016 the Israeli Military Prison service stopped issuing data on the numbers of arrested/detained children.

According to Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East director for Human Rights Watch, “Israel has been on notice for years that its security forces are abusing Palestinian children’s rights in occupied territory, but the problems continue. These are not difficult abuses to end if the Israeli government were serious about doing so.” See Human Rights Watch Report of July 19, 2015.                     

What happens to Israeli settler children when they are arrested?  How does the treatment of Israeli settler children (whose families reside illegally in the West Bank) compare with treatment of Palestinian children living in the West Bank? 

CAABU, the Council for Arab British Understanding, addressed this question in their 2012 report Palestinian Detainees: No Security in InjusticeCAABU report comparing two systems of laws.

CAABU wrote, “[I]f two children, one Israeli, one Palestinian, both residing in the West Bank, were involved in a fight with each other, their experience of the Israeli legal system would differ dramatically. One would go through the Israeli civilian juvenile justice system, while the other would go through the military court system.” Here is an illustration comparing the two systems.

Aren’t you unfairly singling out Israel?  After all, many other countries, including the United States, commit human rights violations from time to time.

Each year, the United States gives Israel billions of dollars of military assistance.  Under a new 10-year deal, called the Memorandum of Understanding, the U.S. is providing Israel with $38 billion of military aid from 2019 to 2028. New York Times article on U.S. military aid to Israel.

No country receives more U.S. military assistance than Israel.  This means that we citizens of the United States are deeply complicit in Israel’s occupation.  We bear a great responsibility for the continuation of Israel’s military occupation, now in its 50thyear, with its well-documented human rights abuses.